The goal of anal fissure treatment is to lower the pressure on the anal canal by making stools soft, and to ease discomfort and bleeding. Conservative treatments are tried first and include one or more of the following:. These practices heal most fissures 80 to 90 percent within several weeks to several months. However, when treatments fail and anal fissures persist or come back, other measures can be tried, including:. Before surgery is considered, your doctor will re-examine you and may conduct other tests to determine why other treatments have failed to heal the fissure.
An anal fissure is a small cut or tear in the lining of the anus. The crack in the skin causes severe pain and some bright red bleeding during and after bowel movements. At times, the fissure can be deep enough to expose the muscle tissue underneath. In most cases, the tear heals on its own within four to six weeks. Certain treatments can promote healing and help relieve discomfort, including stool softeners and topical pain relievers.
An anal fissure is a small tear in the thin, moist tissue mucosa that lines the anus. An anal fissure may occur when you pass hard or large stools during a bowel movement. Anal fissures typically cause pain and bleeding with bowel movements. You also may experience spasms in the ring of muscle at the end of your anus anal sphincter.
The anal canal is a short tube surrounded by muscle at the end of your rectum. The rectum is the bottom section of your colon large intestine. An anal fissure also called fissure-in-ano is a small rip or tear in the lining of the anal canal. Fissures are common, but are often confused with other anal conditions, such as hemorrhoids.